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Notes "Tramps" of the Diaspora Glassmakers were notoriously migratory. From ancient well into modern times the products of their fiery furnaces were avidly sought at the upper levels of society.
Noblemen offered tempting enticements to induce masters of the secret art of glassmaking to practice their expertise within their fiefs. Noblemen went to great lengths to keep the glassmakers within their province, even conferring noble status upon both the glass-masters and their art.
Yet glassmakers were prone to abandon their privileges to go on the move, even when it was clearly against their economic interests. Glassmaking devolved around a single or, at most, several families. The security of glassmakers lay in their ability to maintain the secrets of their discipline.
Glassmakers harbored little fealty to the countries within which they resided. The patriotism of glassmakers appears to have been confined to their art and to the community of glassmakers at large. The Venetian Republic launched the most notorious attempt to contain the glassmakers and their art.
Venetian glassmakers were confined to the island of Murano, far out in the Venetian lagoon. The Republic's ruling Council of Ten imposed strict statutory restrictions against the practice of the art outside of Venice.
Severe punishments were prescribed for masters who defied the statutes. A Duke of Venice, while he was as yet the ambassador to France, was instructed to assassinate an errant master of the art who refused to return to Venice.
The Doge-of-Venice-to-be personally carried out the assassination of the truant glassmaker. The statutes proved to be temporary constraints, and were ineffective in the long run. In Murano the community of glassmakers passed guild statutes that denied the right of stranieri "outsiders" - including native Venetians!
Marrying an "outsider" was deemed treason to the trade and a betrayal of the glassmaking community. In startling contrast, however, the Murano glassmakers freely shared their art and intermarried with glassmakers in and of alien lands.
Glassmakers were universally accepted as part of the extended glassmaker's family. As strict as they were in insulating their art from their local neighbors, so remarkably accommodating were they to immigrant glassmakers from Spain, Pisa, Venice and elsewhere, and so freely did they intermingle with their foreign counterparts in the European diaspora.
The Near-Eastern provenance of all European glassmakers suggests a reasonable explanation for the subliminal binding force between the divers families of glassmakers. Their progenitors were likely to have shared a common Judaic genealogy.
The Judaic concordance is likewise visible in the pattern of movement of glassmakers through the European diaspora.
When juxtaposed with the movements of Jews through the same Diaspora the routes prove to be peculiarly parallel. Both the timing and destination of the movements of the two groups are remarkably congruent. The glassmakers of the Levant are easily identified as Jews.
In Europe, however, circumstances preclude facile identification. Glassmaking requires vast quantities of fuel, available only from extensive forests.
Jews could not own land. As glassmakers they were entirely dependant on wood from the estates of the church or of feudal lords. They were compelled to contract with estate owners for the right to fell wood from their forests. They were obliged to work and live in or near those forests.
Consequently they found it difficult to maintain contact with their co-religionists in urban environments.Glassmaking zoomed to a high art in Venice and Altare. 16 By the middle 14 th century, owning an array of glassware produced in these two glassmaking communities became part and parcel of achieving a status worthy of a lord.
These new skills will enable you to make an ornamental piece, such as a paperweight, and towards the end of your day, there will be a demonstration and introduction to glass blowing. Please note: Any glass items made by you will have to be annealed overnight, so they cannot be taken away at .
An Introduction to Glassmaking. words. 1 page. An Analysis of the Theory, Evolution, New Marketing Paradigm, and Benefits of Relationship Marketing. 3, words. 7 pages. An Analysis of the Process of Reengineering of a Business Corporation. 1, words. 2 pages. A Company Overview of JPW Home Style. Introduction to glass Glass is the name given to all amorphous bodies that are obtained by lowering the temperature of a melt independently of its chemical composition and the temperature range of solidification, which as a result of the gradual increase of viscosity adopts .
Introduction to Flameworking March 3, I can hands down say this is the best glass studio I have been to. I took the an introductory flameworking class where we made glass hearts.
I have signed up for two more sessions because my experience was that wonderful/5(7). Please find below a brief introduction to the history of glass making in Hungary, along with illustrations of glass that was featured in the exhibition. An Introduction to Hungarian Glassmaking Hungary is a small central European country with a rich history in glass making.