Chemosynthesis and bacteria

Hydrothermal Vent Source Chemosynthetic Bacteria Chemosynthetic bacteria are organisms that use inorganic molecules as a source of energy and convert them into organic substances. Chemosynthetic bacteria, unlike plants, obtain their energy from the oxidation of inorganic molecules, rather than photosynthesis. Chemosynthetic bacteria use inorganic molecules, such as ammonia, molecular hydrogen, sulfur, hydrogen sulfide and ferrous iron, to produce the organic compounds needed for their subsistence. Most chemosynthetic bacteria live in environments where sunlight is unable to penetrate and which are considered inhospitable to most known organisms.

Chemosynthesis and bacteria

Chemosynthesis and bacteria

Hydrothermal Vent Source Chemosynthetic Bacteria Chemosynthetic bacteria are organisms that use inorganic molecules as a source of energy and convert them into organic substances. Chemosynthetic bacteria, unlike plants, obtain their energy from the oxidation of inorganic molecules, rather than photosynthesis.

Chemosynthetic bacteria use inorganic molecules, such as ammonia, molecular hydrogen, sulfur, hydrogen sulfide and ferrous iron, to produce the organic Chemosynthesis and bacteria needed for their subsistence. Most chemosynthetic bacteria live in environments where sunlight Chemosynthesis and bacteria unable to penetrate and which are considered inhospitable to most known organisms.

They're primary producers because they produce their own food.

Chemosynthesis and bacteria

An organism that produces organic molecules from organic carbon is classified as a chemoheterotroph. Chemoheterotrophs are at the second level in a food chain. All living organisms obtain their energy in two different ways.

The means by which organisms obtain their energy depends on the source from which they derive that energy. Some organisms obtain their energy from the sun by the process of photosynthesis.

These organisms are known as phototrophs because they can make their own organic molecules using sunlight as a source of energy. Among the organisms that can use sunlight as a source of energy include plants, algae and some species of bacteria.

The organic molecules produced by phototrophs are used by other organisms known as heterotrophs, which derive their energy from phototrophs, that is to say, they use the energy from the sun, indirectly, by feeding on them, producing the organic compounds for their subsistence.

Heterotrophs include animals, humans, fungi, and some species of bacteria, such as those found in the human intestines. Photosynthesis Phototroph Source Chemosynthesis The second way in which organisms can obtain their energy is through chemosynthesis.

Organisms living in regions where sunlight is not available produce their energy by the process of chemosynthesis. During chemosynthesis, bacteria use the energy derived from the chemical oxidation of inorganic compounds to produce organic molecules and water.

This process occurs in the absence of light. The survival of many organisms living in the ecosystems of the world depends on the ability of other organisms to convert inorganic compounds into energy that can be used by these and other organisms.

Plants, algae, and bacteria have the ability to use sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide CO2 and convert them into organic compounds necessary for life in a process called photosynthesis.

Photosynthesis may take place in marine or terrestrial environments where the producing organisms are able to use sunlight as a source of energy. Chemosynthesis occurs in environments where sunlight is not able to penetrate, such as in hydrothermal vents at the bottom of the ocean, coastal sediments, volcanoes, water in caves, cold seeps in the ocean floor, terrestrial hot springs, sunken ships, and within the decayed bodies of whales, among many others.

Chemosynthetic bacteria use the energy stored within inorganic chemicals to synthesize the organic compounds needed for their metabolic processes.

The dissolved chemicals, including hydrogen sulfide, methane, and reduced sulfate metals, form chimney-like structures known as black smokers.

Chemosynthesis - Wikipedia

Hydrothermal vents are located very deep into the ocean where sunlight is unable to penetrate; therefore, the organisms that live at hydrothermal vents obtain their energy from the chemicals ejected out from the ocean crust.

The giant tube worm Riftia pachyptila lives in a symbiotic relationship with sulfur-oxidizing bacteria. Since the energy from the Sun cannot be utilized at such depths, the tube worm absorbs hydrogen sulfide from the vent and provides it to the bacteria.

The bacteria capture the energy from the sulfur and produces organic compounds for both the tube worm and the bacteria. Extremophiles are organisms that thrive under conditions that are considered detrimental for most organisms.

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These organisms can live in habitats where no other organisms can, and are capable of tolerating a wide range of hostile environmental conditions.In addition to bacterial and archaea, some larger organisms rely on chemosynthesis. A good example is the giant tube worm which is found in great numbers surrounding deep hydrothermal vents.

Each worm houses chemosynthetic bacteria in an . In biochemistry, chemosynthesis is the biological conversion of one or more carbon-containing molecules (usually carbon dioxide or methane) and nutrients into organic matter using the oxidation of inorganic compounds (e.g., hydrogen gas, hydrogen sulfide) or methane as a source of energy, rather than sunlight, as in photosynthesis.

Chemosynthetic bacteria

In chemosynthetic symbioses, bacteria obtain energy by oxidizing inorganic material, such as hydrogen sulfide (H 2 S) and use the energy to synthesize organic matter from carbon dioxide (CO 2). The organic matter they synthesize is the primary source of nutrition for their animal host.

An example of chemosynthetic bacteria is thermodesulfovibrio yellowstonii. These bacteria are found in Yellowstone Lake thermal vents and are thermophilic chemosynthetic bacteria. Other species that love in Yellowstone Lake are gammaproteobacteria. These live at the temperatures of 86 to 93 degrees.

Photosynthetic bacteria are a group of bacteria that contain light absorbing pigments Cyanobacteria, purple, green sulphur, green gliding bacteria and heliobacteria.

Bacteria that make food by chemosynthesis. Nitrifying bacteria are a type of chemosynthetic bacteria, as are the bacteria that live around vents in the bottom of the ocean.

Chemosynthesis - Wikipedia