Different forms of writing alphabets

A system for displaying data in at least first and second alphabets selectable by the operator, the second alphabet being of the kind in which the characters differ in form according to their position in the context, the system being adapted to receive data in the form of a sequence of standard binary code bytes representing alpha-numeric characters in the first alphabet, alpha-numeric characters in the second alphabet in which the characters are presented in one of the various forms possible for them in accordance with their position in the context, punctuation marks in the two alphabets, and editing functions, comprising: A system according to claim 1, wherein the first alphabet is the Latin alphabet and the second alphabet is the Arabic alphabet. A system according to claim 3, wherein the processing unit comprises a truth table unit to which the data to be displayed are applied in the form of three categories of events able to occur during display, such events being the appearance of a character of the first alphabet, the appearance of a character of the second alphabet and the appearance of a "neutral" event related to punctuation marks and the special characters of both alphabets; the truth table determining n states of processing using three inputs representing the events; and the processing unit also comprising a state module adapted to determine, in the light of the current event, the next event to be processed, provided that if such next event is the appearance of a character in the second alphabet, the character displayed after the previous event is given a form in dependence upon the context on the bases of the form codes contained in said ROM.

Different forms of writing alphabets

Hebrew uses a different alphabet than English Hebrew is written right-to-left The Hebrew alphabet has no vowels, but pronunciation aids are often added There are several styles of Hebrew writing Hebrew letters have numerical values Writing in Hebrew may require a special word processor and fonts The Hebrew and Yiddish languages use a different alphabet than English.

The picture below illustrates the Hebrew alphabet, in Hebrew alphabetical order. Note that Hebrew is written from right to left, rather than left to right as in English, so Alef is the first letter of the Hebrew alphabet and Tav is the last. The Hebrew alphabet is often called the "alefbet," because of its first two letters.

Letters of the Alefbet Table 1: The Hebrew Alphabet If this sounds like Greek to you, you're not far off! Many letters in the Greek alphabet have similar names and occur in the same order though they don't look anything alike!

The "Kh" and the "Ch" are pronounced as in German or Scottish, a throat clearing noise, not as the "ch" in "chair. People who are fluent in the language do not need vowels to read Hebrew, and most things written in Hebrew in Israel are written without vowels. However, as Hebrew literacy declined, particularly after the Romans expelled the Jews from Israel, the rabbis recognized the need for aids to pronunciation, so they developed a system of dots and dashes called nikkud points.

These dots and dashes are written above, below or inside the letter, in ways that do not alter the spacing of the line. Text containing these markings is referred to as "pointed" text.

Vowel Points Table 2: Vowel Points Most nikkud are used to indicate vowels.

different forms of writing alphabets

Table 2 illustrates the vowel points, along with their pronunciations. Pronunciations are approximate; I have heard quite a bit of variation in vowel pronunciation.

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Vowel points are shown in blue. The letter Alef, shown in red, is used to illustrate the position of the points relative to the consonants. The letters shown in purple are technically consonants and would appear in unpointed texts, but they function as vowels in this context. There are a few other nikkud, illustrated in Table 3.

Other Nikkud The dot that appears in the center of some letters is called a dagesh. It can appear in just about any letter in Hebrew. With most letters, the dagesh does not significantly affect pronunciation of the letter; it simply marks a split between syllables, where the letter is pronounced both at the end of the first syllable and the beginning of the second.

With the letters Beit, Kaf and Pei, however, the dagesh indicates that the letter should be pronounced with its hard sound b, k, p rather than its soft sound v, kh, f. In Ashkenazic pronunciation the pronunciation used by many Orthodox Jews and by many older JewsTav also has a soft sound, and is pronounced as an "s" when it does not have a dagesh.

Shin is pronounced "sh" when it has a dot over the right branch and "s" when it has a dot over the left branch. Vav, usually a consonant pronounced as a "v," is sometimes a vowel pronounced "oo" as in "food" transliterated "oo" or "u" or "oh" as in "Oh!

When it is pronounced "oo," pointed texts have a dagesh though sometimes, Vav with a dagesh is pronounced "v". When it is pronounced "oh," pointed texts have a dot on top though sometimes, Vav with a dot on top is pronounced "vo". Pointed Text Illustration 1 is an example of pointed text.

Nikkud are shown in blue for emphasis they would normally be the same color as the consonants.Having forms that represent a single syllable allow for much more freedom in writing with far fewer symbols. It also provides for the more comfortable writing of words in other languages, because the writing is based on sounds rather than what the word means.

As to identifying word boundaries, sure the mixture of scripts helps, but I don't think that contributes why different forms exist. As the introduce of "常用漢字", a lot of word now take the form of mixed Kanji and Kana, and a lot of word would only use Kana. Handwriting for kids.

Free handwriting lessons to teach kids and adults how to write alphabets, numbers, sentences, bible school, scriptures, and even their name!

The Hebrew and Yiddish languages use a different alphabet than English. The picture below illustrates the Hebrew alphabet, in Hebrew alphabetical order. Note that Hebrew is written from right to left, rather than left to right as in English, so Alef is the first letter of the Hebrew alphabet and Tav is the last. Alphabet Directory. This page contains the alphabets of many languages. The table of the languages below will help better your understanding of the pronunciantion of a given word. These exercises support letter recognition through reading and writing uppercase letters. We confine each letter to one page so your child can clearly see how letter forms differ from one another.

Interactive math such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. A different order of teaching a child to write the alphabet. Different Styles Of Writing Alphabets | full alphabet in the style of writing known as court hand.

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An account of the origin and development of letters. The writing of these volume was undertaken with the intention of compiling a brief account of recent discoveries as to the origin of the alphabet, and its subsequent initiativeblog.coms: 1.

Review this list of a variety of letters and email messages with examples of each, including appreciation letters, cover letters, job application letters, employee letters, reference and referral letters, thank you letters, and more.

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